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Glossary

  • Annualised Premium

    The total amount of premium paid within 12 policy months.

  • Annuity

    An agreement under which the Insurance Company makes periodic payments during the survival of the annuitant(s), till death or for a specified period. Annuities are paid in different ways, for example, Annuity for Life, Joint Life Annuity, Annuity with Return of Corpus, etc.

  • Annuitant

    The person receiving annuity benefits from an annuity contract at regular intervals (yearly/half-yearly/quarterly or monthly basis and based on the annuity option selected) is called as an Annuitant.

  • Assignee

    The person to whom the rights of the policy are being transferred by the policyholder is called as the Assignee.

  • Assignment

    It is a means whereby the beneficial interest, right and title under a life insurance policy get transferred from assignor to assignee.

  • Assignor

    The person who transfers the rights of the life insurance policy to the assignee is called as the Assignor.

  • Beneficiary

    A beneficiary is a person or a legal entity which receives money or other benefits from the policy. For example: The beneficiary of a life insurance policy is the nominee who receives the payment of the amount of insurance after the death of the Life Assured.

  • Claim

    It is a request for payment made by the beneficiary of a life insurance policy to the Life Insurance Company.

  • Claim Amount

    It is the amount which the beneficiary claims from the Insurance Company.

  • Commission

    Commission is the fee paid to the life insurance agent or insurance salesperson as a percentage of the premium.

  • Contract

    A 'contract' is an agreement between two or more entities that creates a legal obligation. For example, life insurance is a contract between the Insurance Company and the policyholder in which the Life Insurance Company agrees to pay a certain amount of money if the policyholder fulfils all his obligations under the policy.

  • Coverage

    The amount and scope of protection provided under a contract of insurance.

  • Date of Risk Commencement

    It is the date on which the life insurance cover starts.

  • Death Benefits

    Life insurance amount paid to the nominee or the beneficiary on the death of the life insured.

  • Death Claim

    It is a request made by the beneficiary for the payment of Death Benefits on the death of the Life Assured, as per the terms of the policy.

  • Deferred Annuity

    In deferred annuity, there is usually an accumulation phase which is till the vesting age, during which the annuitant has to pay premiums. A corpus is accumulated during this period which is used at the time of vesting to buy an annuity of choice. The annuity begins from the vesting age in the annuity mode chosen.

  • Discontinuance Charges

    These charges are deducted from the policyholder's account/fund if the life insurance policy is surrendered by the policyholder. This is also called as the Surrender Charge.

  • Discontinuance of Premium

    When a policyholder is not able to pay premium within the due dates, it is called as Discontinuance of Premium.

  • Discontinued Policy Fund

    In case of a Unit Linked Life Insurance Policy, if the policyholder chooses to withdraw the policy completely, before the completion of 5 years, then the Fund Value after deducting the applicable surrender charges are transferred to the Discontinued Policy Fund. The policyholder will earn an interest rate, as applicable. No other charges other than Fund Management Charges will be deduced from the fund. Life cover and rider cover (if any) will cease to exist.

  • Endowment Plans

    An Endowment Plan is a savings life insurance plan with a specific maturity date. In case of death of the life assured during the period, the death benefit will be paid to nominees. If the life assured survives the term, the maturity benefit of the policy become payable.

  • Exclusions

    A provision in the life insurance policy that eliminates coverage for certain risks, people, property, classes or locations.

  • Free Look Period

    The policyholder has an option of returning the policy if he or she is not satisfied after reviewing the terms and conditions as well as the features. The policy can be returned within 15 or 30 days from the date of receipt of the policy document stating the reasons for his/her objection. In case the policyholder returns the policy during this period, the Insurance Company will refund the premium after deducting the expenses incurred on medical examination, stamp duty charges and other charges.

  • Fund Management Charges

    These are charges deducted towards meeting expenses related to fund management. These are charged as a percentage of the Fund Value and deducted before calculating the Net Asset Value (NAV) of the fund.

  • Fund Value

    It is the total value of units that a policyholder holds in funds. Fund Value = Number of Units x Net Asset Value

  • Grace Period

    It is the extension in the number of days after premium payment due date during which the policyholder can make the payment.

  • Gross Premium

    The total premium paid by the policyholder including taxes.

  • Guaranteed Survival Benefits

    The minimum benefits that the policyholder will receive on completion of the term, subject to policy being in force and fulfilment of all the terms and conditions of the plan.

  • Immediate Annuity

    An annuity in which benefits begin soon after the annuity is purchased by paying a one-time lump sum amount.

  • In force Policy

    In-force Policies are valid/active policies for which the full premiums as on date are paid.

  • Insurability

    Conditions/circumstances pertaining to the applicant such as health, life expectancy, risk profile that affects susceptibility to injury and life expectancy.

  • Insurer

    It is the Insurance Company which provides the life insured with protection in the form of a monetary payout as per the insurance policy selected.

  • Lapse

    It is the termination of an insurance policy because of non-payment of renewal premium by the policyholder.

  • Lapsed Policies

    This refers to those policies that have been terminated and are no longer in force due to non-payment of the due premium.

  • Life Assured (Insured)

    Life Assured is the person whose life is insured by the Life Insurance Company. On death of the life insured during the Policy Term, the Death Benefits are paid to the nominee provided the terms and conditions of the policy are fulfilled.

  • Limited Premium Payment Term

    Policies in which premium payment term is less than the Policy Term.

  • Maturity Benefits

    The benefits received after the completion of the Policy Term are called Maturity Benefits.

  • Maturity Date

    It is the date on which the Policy Term ends.

  • Money Back Plans

    In Money Back Plans a certain percent of the sum assured/ money is returned periodically as survival benefit. On the expiry of the term, the balance amount, as per the policy is paid as maturity value.

  • Mortality Charges

    Depending upon the age and the amount of cover, the charges levied towards providing insurance cover to the insured are called as Mortality Charges.

  • Net Asset Value (NAV)

    In Unit Linked Insurance Policies, the premium is invested in equity or debt markets or both. The premium is allocated in the fund chosen by the policyholder. The fund has a particular value associated to it which is known as Net Asset Value (NAV). The NAV can change on a daily basis and is calculated once every business day.

  • Nomination

    Nomination is where the life insured proposes the name of the person(s) to whom the sum insured should be paid by the Insurance Company after his/her death.

  • Nominee

    Nominee is the person nominated by the policyholder to receive the benefit under a life insurance policy during settlement of claim.

  • Non-Participating and Participating Policies

    A participating plan is one in which bonuses are declared at the discretion of the insurer. In the case of a non-participating plan, the benefits of the policy are clearly defined. For example, in an Endowment Plan, premiums are invested by the Insurance Company and profit earned on it is again distributed back to the policyholders in the form of bonuses, whereas in a pure Term Plan, the policyholders are not entitled to participate in the profit of the Insurance Company.

  • Occupational Hazards

    Occupations which expose the insured person to greater than normal physical danger by the very nature of the work in which the insured is engaged.

  • Paid-up Policy

    It is an insurance policy that requires no further premium payments but continues to provide coverage as per the reduced paid up value calculated.

  • Paid-up Value

    Insurance companies will offer the policyholder the right to convert a normal policy into a reduced paid-up policy if they have already paid premiums for a minimum of two/three years, as per the policy. Instead, the sum insured is reduced in proportion to the number of premiums paid. If other benefits related to the sum insured are payable, the benefit will now be related to the reduced sum insured, which is the paid-up value.

  • Partial Withdrawals

    In Unit Linked Policies or Variable Linked Policies, the policyholder can withdraw some amount from the Fund Value of his/her life insurance policy. This feature can be availed only after five years from the commencement of the policy.

  • Pension Plans or Annuity Plans

    Pension plans (also referred to as retirement plans) are offered to help individuals build a retirement corpus. On maturity, this corpus is invested for generating a regular income stream, which is referred to as pension or annuity.

  • Policy Administration Charges

    These are the charges deducted on a monthly basis to recover the expenses of maintaining the policy including record keeping, paper work, services, etc.

  • Policy Anniversary Date

    Policy Anniversary Date is the same date each year as the initial policy date.

  • Policy Document (Insurance Policy Document)

    A document issued to the policyholder by the Insurance Company stating the terms and conditions, product information and benefits, premium schedule, etc., which every policyholder should read carefully, is called a Policy Document (Insurance Policy Document).

  • Policy Revival

    When a policy lapses, the insured loses the life insurance cover for the full amount, insurance companies make it possible for lapsed policies to be brought back into full force. This process is called 'Revival'.

  • Policy Term

    It is the period for which a life insurance policy provides life insurance coverage.

  • Policyholder

    Policyholder is the person who owns a life insurance policy. Policyholder is usually the insured person, but in some cases, it may also be a proposer of the policy such as spouse, a partner or a company.

  • Premium

    The amount customer pays towards life insurance policy to provide life insurance cover.

  • Premium Allocation Charges

    These charges are deducted upfront from the premium paid by the policyholder as a percentage of premium. These charges account for the initial expenses incurred by the company in issuing the policy, e.g., cost of underwriting, medicals and expenses related to distributor fees. After these charges are deducted, the money gets invested in the chosen fund.

  • Premium Frequency (Premium Mode)

    It is the specific period after which the policyholder needs to pay premiums regularly to keep the life insurance policy in force and avail its benefits. Usually, a life insurance policy has the premium paying frequency as - Annually, Half-Yearly, Quarterly and Monthly.

  • Premium Payment Term

    The number of years a policyholder has to pay premium for the life insurance policy.

  • Proposal Form

    A life insurance company offers a policy on the basis of a proposal form filled by the proposer himself/ herself. The proposal form is the basic requirement for the functioning of the life insurance contract between the proposer and the life insurance company.

  • Proposer

    Proposer is a person who proposes for the life insurance policy.

  • Redirection (Premium Redirection)

    In a Unit Linked Policy the policyholder may change the allocation percentages to different funds for future premiums and future top-up premiums.

  • Reinstatement

    The restoration of a lapsed policy to in force status is called Reinstatement. Reinstatement can only occur after the end of the grace period. The company may require the evidence of insurability (if the health status has changed, reinstatement may be denied) and will always require payment of the total amount of past due premiums.

  • Regular Premium

    When the policyholder chooses to pay premium at regular intervals for a defined period as per the insurance policy, to keep the policy in force and avail its benefits, the mode of premium payment is called Regular Premium Payment Mode.

  • Renewal Premium

    After the payment of first initial premium, subsequent premium payments made periodically to keep the policy in force and avail policy benefits.

  • Revival Period

    As long as the policyholder pays premium on time, the policy remains in force. The policy lapses when premiums are not paid even after the completion of the grace period. Thereafter, the Life Insurance Company provides an option to the policyholder wherein he/she can make the policy in force only during a specific period after the grace period. The process is called Revival of the Life Insurance Policy or Policy Revival and the period is called Revival Period.

  • Settlement Option

    In Unit Linked Polices instead of taking a lump sum amount at maturity, some plans provide policyholders with the option to receive the Maturity Benefits as a structured payout (periodic instalments) over a period of time (say, 5 years or any time up to 5 years) after maturity. This is known as the Settlement Option. If the policyholder wishes to opt for the Settlement Option they need to inform the Insurance Company well in advance.

  • Single Premium

    When the policyholder has to pay premium only once, during the term of the life insurance policy, the mode of premium payment chosen is called as Single Premium Payment Mode.

  • Suicide Exclusion

    Limitation in life insurance policies to the effect that no Death Benefits will be paid if the life insured commits suicide during one year since inception or revival of the policy.

  • Sum Assured

    Sum Assured is the amount that an insurer agrees to pay on the occurrence of a stated contingency (e.g. death).

  • Superannuation

    A type of retirement plan set up by a company for the benefit of its employees. These types of plans use funds deposited by the company (defined benefit plan) or by the employee (defined contribution plan) with the funds growing in value until the employee retires.

  • Surrender

    If the policyholder terminates the policy before its maturity, it is called surrender of the life insurance policy. The charges levied while terminating the policy during the surrender period are called Surrender Charges.

  • Surrender Value

    The value payable to the policyholder in the event of his/her decision to terminate the policy before its maturity is called as Surrender Value.

  • Survival Benefits

    Benefits received by the policyholder on the completion or during the Policy Term are called Survival Benefits.

  • Switching

    Switching is the option in which a customer can move some or all of his units from an existing fund into one or more funds at the respective Unit Price on the day the switch comes into effect.

  • Term

    Term is the period for which insurance coverage is given. It is also called as the tenure of the life insurance policy.

  • Term Insurance (Pure Protection Plans/ Pure Term Plans)

    A life insurance policy which provides an insurance cover upon the death of the life insured within the Policy Term as per the terms and conditions of the contract. These types of plans only cover the risk of death and on expiry of the Policy Term the policyholder does not get anything in return on survival.

  • Top-Up

    Top-up is an additional amount over and above the premium that the policyholder can invest to gain from the performing market.

  • Traditional Life Insurance Plan

    Traditional insurance plans offer multiple benefits in terms of risk cover, return, safety and tax benefit. Traditional policies are considered risk-free, as they provide fixed income returns in case of death of the Life Assured or maturity of the policy.

  • Underwriting

    Underwriting is the methodology applied by life insurers to examine or assess the insurance risks before accepting or rejecting coverage and determining the appropriate premiums for them.

  • Unit

    It is a component of the fund in a Unit Linked Policy. Unit Linked Life Insurance Plans (ULIPS) are plans linked to the stock market. ULIPs offer a combination of investment and protection with flexibility and choice to policyholder on how premiums are invested.

  • Variable Insurance Plans

    Variable Life Insurance Products are defined as Non-Linked Life Insurance Products that provide Death Benefits equal to the guaranteed Sum Assured and/or balance in the policy account, as per the policy. Maturity Benefits are equal to the balance in policy account.

  • Vested Bonus

    It is the bonus, which the insurer declares after evaluating its assets and liabilities, and that is added to the policy. Once it is attached to the policy, it becomes the guaranteed benefit to be paid to the policyholder.

  • Vesting Age

    The age at which the receipt of pension starts in an insurance-cum-pension plan or annuity is called the Vesting Age.

  • Waiting Period

    A period set forth in a policy which must pass before some or all coverage begins. Incidents that occur during this time are not claimable.

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