The novel coronavirus, not being a single virus in itself, is a group of viruses that usually causes illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV). A novel coronavirus (nCoV) is a new strain which was never seen in humans before.
What are the symptoms of the new coronavirus?
- Starts with a fever, followed by a dry cough
- After a week, it leads to shortness of breath and some patients require hospital treatment
- According to the World Health Organization (WHO) the incubation period - between infection and showing any symptoms - lasts up to 14 days
How do I protect myself against the new coronavirus?
- Wash your hands frequently and thoroughly with soap and water for at least 20 seconds
- If there are no handwashing facilities, you can use a hand-sanitizer that contains 70-80% alcohol
- Maintain social distancing - people who are infected can show no symptoms but still be infectious.
- Spending 15 minutes within 2m (6ft) of someone with the virus, or having face-to-face contact, is judged to be a significant risk.
- Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth - the virus spreads when droplets transfer from an infected person to a healthy person
- Practice respiratory hygiene by covering your mouth and nose with your bent elbow or tissue when you cough or sneeze
- Stay informed and follow the advice given by doctor
I have the symptoms, what do I do next?
- Contact your doctor or any medical professional
- You may need to isolate yourself if you have travelled to an affected area, or have been in close contact with an infected person.
For further information call the Ministry of Health, Govt. of India’s 24/7 control room number: +91-11-23978046